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Endometriosis occurs when a specialized type of tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus (the endometrium) becomes implanted outside your uterus, most commonly on your fallopian tubes, ovaries or tissue lining your pelvis. It is one of the most common causes of pelvic pain and infertility in women.

Diagnosis is best prroven by laparoscopy, a minor surgical procedure done under anesthesia. A laparoscopy usually shows the location, size, and extent of the growths. This helps the doctor and patient make better treatment choices. Treatment options include medication and surgery.